The images and text on this site are protected by international copyright law. Unless otherwise noted, reproduction rights belong solely to me (Paul Raphaelson).

If you own a print of the work, you own the object but not the copyright. You still need permission to reproduce the work, physically or digitally.

Copyright protection is automatically extended to a work upon its creation. The photographs on this site have also been registered with the US Copyright Office. Registration adds additional protections, including the copyright holder’s right to seek statutory damages in cases of willful infringement.

If you would like to use work from this site for commercial purposes, we need to negotiate a licensing agreement, under which you’ll purchase limited rights to use images for your project. Fees are based on many factors, including the scope of the project, the type of project, and the length of time the images will be used. Please contact me with as many details as possible.

Linking and Citation
I present this site not just to market my work, but as a public resource. In this spirit, I give anyone permission to link to images or cite text in social media, blogs, or online editorial channels—provided that you attribute the work to me, and provide a link to this site (

This permission does not include using images in print, in commercial or political applications, or as part of the visual identity of a website, product, service, or anything else. Write to me if you’re not sure.

Fair Use
I’m happy to see this site’s content used in educational materials, as long as it’s properly attributed, and as long as students are not charged beyond reproduction costs.

3rd Party Content
The Media page contains texts that I do not own. Rights belong to the respective authors or publications. I’ve reproduced the texts either by permission or under Fair Use; if you would like to use any of them, contact the publications.

For Further Reading
Copyright FAQ
Copyright and Google Images